Aug 31

Oxfam International

The most powerful countries of the world had this week an unprecedented opportunity to advance the global effort of response against the threat of global warming and significantly reduce the risks is facing poor countries. Despite everything, Antonio Hill said: positively value that the G-8 leaders should be included in the UN process to fight climate change and agreed to negotiate the situation post-2012 within this framework. This means that the poorest countries, which are also the most affected by climate change, may participate in the discussion of solutions adds that Hill also noted, which is positive for the EU, Canada and Japan have confirmed their individual commitments in curbing carbon emissions up to 2050, and that other countries have agreed on the need for cuts. Oxfam International said that the G-8 must also reach a compromise on increasing aid to poor countries to adapt to climate change. The eight countries represented in this forum are the maximum responsible for global warming and the most capable of helping poor countries adapt to its impact, according to Antonio Hill. We hope that these countries come to a concrete financial commitment to mitigate the effects of climate change. The poorest countries, particularly in Africa, will be unable to withstand the effects posed by climate change. The more conservative forecasts estimate that the costs of adapting to climate change in developing countries will be a minimum of 50 billion dollars annually.

The G-8 must pay 80% of this amount, said Hill. Oxfam International also added that before close of Summit attention should be given to the need for increased aid for the financing of basic social services such as health and education. At this time, the promises made two years ago in Gleneagles to double aid to Africa are not guaranteed. Definitely, the document approved by the G-8 Summit in Toyako, Northern Japan, sets goals in the medium and long term also involving countries participating in United Nations debates on global warming.United States, France, Britain, Germany, Japan, Russia, Italy and Canada, says the document, pledged to reduce to 50 percent responsible for the effective greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.Many countries expressed their interest in including nuclear energy as a key instrument for reducing dependence on fossil fuels and reduce the consequences of greenhouse gas emissions, said the G-8.In this regard, he emphasized that non-proliferation and nuclear safety are the principles for a peaceful use of nuclear energy.The text recognizes the role of the renewable energy and the production and use of biofuels as alternatives to fossil resources. gives us in this regard, that the G-8 in the final document ratified efforts to achieve biodiversity targets for 2010.United States stated that significant progress on climate change, said sources from the U.S. Government, and emphasized the inclusion of new technologies as an alternative resource for the production of energy. Excellent discussion, excellent statement, argued the White House to assess the G-8 document.The President of the European Commission, Jose Manuel Durao Barroso, was very pleased by the results of the G-8 about climate change and considered that a new common vision among major economies that allow to send a strong signal to the citizens of the world reached.