May 08

Rio De Janeiro

Galician of the other the multitude of the diverse professionals who formed a fan of varied occupations. Joo of the River describes as nobody the division of the city of Rio De Janeiro in underground river and official river, through its curiosity we can perceive that it will contribute for an analysis that has broken of accusations of Raul Pompia and the Jacobinas campaigns against the Portuguese; becoming possible to notice the demographic composition of Rio De Janeiro, that properly said was composed for its majority of foreigners. The 1890 census will show that the city of Rio De Janeiro was composed of foreigners who had active participation in many sectors of the population. According to Assis Brazil the foreigners, that is, the Portuguese were owners of almost all the city. The antilusitanismos occur at the beginning of the Republic because the popular ones complain of the control of the Portuguese> on the commerce, the building and until same of the tenement houses. We can notice the participation of the Portuguese even though in the strikes you would operate a participation that had connotation politics up to 1904. However the new regimen decided to solve the problem, creating the law of the great naturalization of 1890 where the foreigners declared Brazilian citizen all who in six months if manifest Express desire not to keep its citizenship of origin.

It has not given regarding the effect provoked for the law, however they had had parcels that they had been rebelled as the small English colonies, French and German. In the dawn of the analysis we notice that 20% of the foreigners had opted to the Brazilian citizenship. Such idea does not evolve between the foreigners because its interests most were defended of what of national, in addition the costs of the Brazilian citizenship it was bigger of what its advantages. We must notice that Portugal was not in conditions to protect its nationality, however the biggest distrust of the Portuguese with regard to the citizenship inside occurred of Respblica. Therefore for the criterion of electoral participation we can affirm that she did not have people politician in Rio De Janeiro. The exercise of the citizenship politics> something becomes thus caricultural.

The republicado citizen was the delinquent joint the politicians, the true moved away citizens matinha. Being clearly that the representatives of the people did not represent nobody. Couty and Raul Pompia had reason in affirming that in Rio De Janeiro it did not have people, therefore when the people participated made politically it in the underground world, it are of the official canals through strikes, civil disturbances and break-breaks; nature movement almost would revolutionize with the revolt of the vaccine. Therefore we notice that the people did not participate of the formal process of constitution of the Republic and the workmanship of Jose Murilo de Carvalho allows in them to understand and to reflect on the unfoldings of the type of formation of the society in the present time that until today does not obtain to transform its capacity of communitarian participation into capacity of civic participation. Therefore if we will be to analyze Brazil we will notice that the cities, our Republic and our citizenship continue dissociadas to the right of active participation of all citizens; an attitude that if classifies as obligator vote. A rupture with this idea must occur, therefore thus it could only be possible to see the sprouting of a collective citizenship.

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